Sandalwood Cultivation | Chandan Farming
Thus it can be concluded that sandalwood cultivation. The host tree is required for various plants to improve the quality of its oil content. After the previous study, sandalwood plants are currently being developed. It will affect the local income of India, and the economic condition will also improve. Therefore, it is necessary to create a strategy for the recovery of sandalwood contribution to local revenue. The productivity of sandalwood can be increased through conservation and development.
Chander is a semi-parasitic plant. This plant is associated with other plants through haustoria to obtain nutrients. Some elements are obtained from the soil, such as calcium (Ca) and potassium (K). Other factors such as minerals such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), sodium (Na), and amino acids are obtained from other plants.
For this following measures can be taken –
Agroforestry System, Root Shoot Regeneration
Naturally, sandalwood (Santalum album L) is considered a slow-growing but evergreen tree; sandalwood is a semi-parasitic plant. It interacts with host plants through “haustoria” to supply nutrients, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and amino acids obtained from host plants. At the same time, calcium (Ca) and potassium (K) are taken from the soil. Therefore, it can be concluded that a host plant is required to cultivate sandalwood, which is helpful for its growth and development.
How to Cultivate Sandalwood?
Sandalwood is a parasitic tree; for this first, it is necessary to choose its companion plant. In the beginning, along with sandalwood, you can plant it with vegetables like chili, brinjal, tomato, or banana; it is very beneficial for the growth and development of sandalwood. Along with this, when sandalwood is developed in the middle period, you can plant arhar with it and take care of the plant so that sandalwood keeps getting a balanced amount of nutrients. And for a more extended period, you can use companion plants of sandalwood like pineapple.
How to Plant Saplings for Chandan Farming?
To get sandalwood seeds you can contact to the Agricultural Institute of Bangalore
- First, 30 cm in the soil. Dig the pit
- After that, before planting sandalwood in the pit, put rotten manure of cow dung.
- Also plant companion plants such as peppers, tomatoes, or bananas.
- At the time of planting sandalwood, the polybag should be removed so that the roots get attached well to the soil and the roots continue to get energy.
To avoid the heat, a shed should be made which stays with the partner of sandalwood, this is done so that the sandalwood becomes conducive to the environment for the cultivation of sandalwood and its growth can be done well.
- Sandalwood does not require much water, yet irrigation should be given at an interval of 2-3 days when it is in the form of a plant.
- It is very sensitive to fire, so care should be taken not to light any fire around it.
- Grass grazing animals such as cows, buffaloes, goats or sheep should not graze near it.
Disease and prevention in sandalwood cultivation
Kit infestation causes damage to sandalwood, for which kit control is significant; when kite attacks in sandalwood, it becomes severe and bald, for which kito should be destroyed as soon as possible.
- leaf caterpillar : Usually it attacks in dry season and damages the leaves which should be sprayed with insecticide.
- flea kit : It forms lump on the leaves and rots the roots. It can be controlled by pruning and spraying of carbonyl and chlorpyrifus.
- Cotton Mushrooms: It attacks the twigs and leaves, it can be controlled by washing the affected area or by spraying it with detergent and water.
- Stem Blight: It rots the root and can be controlled by spraying fungicide.
host The plant should always be grown with sandalwood
Use the following methods for the cultivation of sandalwood
- Reduce evaporation The presence of ground cover such as vegetation, litter and tree canopy reduces the rate of water evaporation.
- Maintaining the stability of the microclimate The crops grown among sandalwood maintain its stability.
- Provide shade on sandalwood Grown sandalwood needs shade, due to excessive sunlight, its development gets hindered.
- Help in the process of parasitism for sandalwood – Intercorpus trees usually have soft roots which helps in providing adequate balance to the sandalwood roots.
- By reducing the spread of pests and diseases Sandalwood plants are generally highly sensitive to Illio, fencing along plantings and host plants can act as insect-catchers.
- plant fence – As long as the sandalwood tree has not developed, fruit bearing plants can be used as a fence around.
For sandalwood plants to grow and thrive, it needs nutrition from the host plant, at one stage, sandalwood plants also need shade to avoid sunlight. Knowing the types of host plants, nursery and Planting in the field can be a promising future for cultivating sandals in both ways. Sandalwood cultivation For this, primary, secondary and tertiary host plants have to be planted by regenerating lateral root buds.